There are at least three artists with this name:
1) an American singer-songwriter and guitarist who was a major part of a wave of singer-songwriters in the 1970s
2) a British acid jazz musician
3) the lead singer for Kool and the Gang from 1978 to 1988 1. James Taylor (born 12th March 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Boston, Massachusetts. He grew up in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where his father Isaac Taylor was the dean of the University of North Carolina Medical School. His family summered on Martha's Vineyard.