Lester Bowie (11 October 1941–8 November 1999) was an American jazz trumpet player and composer. He was a member of the AACM, and cofounded the Art Ensemble Of Chicago. Born in Frederick, Maryland, Bowie grew up in St Louis, Missouri. At the age of five he started studying the trumpet with his father, a professional musician. He played with blues musicians such as Little Milton and Albert King, and rhythm and blues stars such as Solomon Burke, Joe Tex, and Rufus Thomas. In 1965 he became Fontella Bass's musical director. He was a cofounder of BAG (Black Artists' Group) in St. Louis.