Romuald Twardowski (b. 17 June 1930) studied at the State Conservatory of the Lithuanian Republic in Soviet Union in Vilnius (1952-1957). Since 1957 he continued his compositional studies at the State Higher School of Music in Warsaw (with Bolesław Woytowicz). After graduating in 1960, he studied for one year in 1963 with Nadia Boulanger in Paris. Twardowski He withdrew most of his early pieces. In the 1950s his music went through a phase characterized by dissonance and thick textures; in subsequent years his style became more melodic.