Consolidated was an American radical recording and performing collective, formed in in San Francisco in 1988. They were distinguished by left-leaning political activism and politically radical lyrics, as well as their innovative sonic collages which blended industrial and hip-hop styles. Adam Sherburne and Mark Pistel had been members of synthpop/dance outfit Until December. Philip Steir had drummed in the funk/rock group Shy Hands. Repudiating those bands' sound and politics, and inspired by Public Enemy's politics and aggressive sound collages, the trio regrouped as Consolidated.