There are two artists that share the name Los Miserables 1. Chilean punk band. 2. A hip-hop group from Puerto Rico. 1. Los Miserables is a well-known Chilean punk rock band formed in the early 1990s shortly after the demise of the military regime of Augusto Pinochet. The band is known for its songs charged with strong left-wing political ideas and anti-establishment commentary. The band has clearly presented itself as actvist in its work with major participation in political events, international charity concerts, human rights events, and volunteer work in impoverished Chilean communities.