Formed in Cedar Rapids, IA, in 1996 by members Russell Binder (drums), Les Ohlhauser (guitar/vocals), Jarl Pierson (guitar), and Wade Wilson (bass). This line-up recorded one demo, "Permutation", at Schoolhouse studios in Cedar Rapids. Shortly after, they were joined by Michael Titman (keyboards). This line-up recorded one self-released effort, "Severance", in 1998 at Free Reelin' studios in Denver, CO by Ben Tanler. For a while the band played live shows, with Jarl Pierson leaving in 2000. Jarl left on very amicable terms, and is still considered a great friend of all concerned.