Joseph Moskowitz (1879 – June 27, 1954) was a Romanian-born Jewish musician who invented the klezmer approach to the cymbalum. He eventually settled in the United States. When Moskowitz appeared at a cafe in New York City in 1908, the New York Times reported that, "posters in Yiddish, Italian, Hungarian, and Roumanian announce his presence throughout the length of East Houston Street." That appearance was to be the start of five years of musically touring the United States. He then opened a restaurant on Manhattan's Lower East Side.