Arturo Toscanini (25th.March 1867-16th. January 1957) was an Italian conductor. One of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th. and 20th. centuries, he was renowned for brilliant intensity, his restless perfectionism, his phenomenal ear for orchestral detail and his photographic memory. He is especially regarded as an authoratitive interpreter of the works of Verdi, Beethoven, Brahms and Wagner.