Budd Johnson was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist best known as a "behind-the-scenes player" and writer. He initially played drums and piano before switching to tenor saxophone. In the 1920s he performed in Texas and parts of the Midwest, working with Jesse Stone among others. Budd Johnson had his recording debut while working with Louis Armstrong's band in 1932-1933, but is more known for his work with Earl Hines. It is contended that he led Hines to hire "modernists." He was also an early figure in the Bebop era doing sessions with Coleman Hawkins in 1944.